Pre-University (CIE) Comparative Government: Specimen Questions with Answers 50 - 50 of 53

Question number: 50

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Discuss the jury system in United Kingdom.

Explanation

  • The present day organization of the English courts is relatively modern. Though the courts themselves are much older, they were entirely reconstituted by the Judicature Acts of 1873 - 76, as amended by the Act of 1925.

  • The judiciary occupies an important place in the actual administration of England. English justice has been the pride of Englishmen for the centuries together. This is all due to the various qualities and outstanding features which the British judiciary possess today.

  • England is the ancestral home of the jury system. It was here that the grand jury and the trial by jury first became regular agencies of enquiry and adjudication. In the trial of all serious crimes, a trial by jury may be demanded by an accused in all English courts except the lowest and the highest.

  • The charge is framed by the judicial clerk with the aid of the presenting solicitor and the trial is held by the judge with the assistance of the jury. Moreover, the jury in England has not been overburdened by extending it to the trial of unimportant trial disputes. In the United States the jury system has been overworked and overburdened.

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