Pre-University (CIE) Comparative Government: Specimen Questions with Answers 48 - 48 of 53

Question 48

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Discuss David Easton’s remark on Post-Behaviouralism- “The post-behavioral revolution is future-oriented. It does not seek to return to some golden age of political research or to conserve or even to destroy a particular methodological approach. It seeks rather to probe Political Science in new direction”.

Explanation

  • Behaviouralism was started as a movement against the traditionalism and so the post behavioral revolution started against the behavioural revolution but it did not condemn the theory instead it was in search of finding a synthesized solution between the two schools of thought which were there initially and proved to be a failure.

  • In his presidential address to the Annual Convention of the American Political Science Association held in 1969, Easton declared that “he felt dissatisfied with the political research and teaching made under the impact of Behaviouralism. The critics asserted that the behaviouralists who boasted of their relevance to the actual political problems have themselves cut off from the realities of life and are following academic detachment. David Easton asserted that role of the intellectuals has been and must be to protect human values of civilization.

  • Therefore the behaviouralists should concentrate on it but they have utterly failed to realize this goal. Dwight Waldo has also asserted: “political scientists should be more concerned with values, with issues of justice, freedom, equality with political activity. In a period of stress, turmoil and gross inequalities, it is irresponsible to carry on as usual in academic, detachment. At minimum, political scientist-need to be concerned with issues of public policy and political reform”.

  • The post-behaviouralists prefer the behavioural approach than the traditional approach because it is empirical yet they want to link their methods of research in making such theories which may be able to solve the present and future problems of the society. In other words they want to make the methods and technology of the behaviouralists related to the future well-being in society.

David Easton observes:

  • “Although the post-behavioral revolution may have all the appearances of just another reaction to behaviouralists, it is in fact notably different Behaviouralism was viewed as a threat to status quo, classicism and traditionalism.

  • The post-behavioral revolution is, however, future-oriented. It does not seek to return to some golden age of political research or to conserve or even to destroy a particular methodological approach. It seeks rather to probe Political Science in new direction”.

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