Pre-University (CIE) Comparative Government: Specimen Questions with Answers 38 - 39 of 53

Question 38

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Essay▾

‘The British Constitution shows the equation of Monarchy + Aristocracy + Democracy’ . Explain.

Explanation

  • The British Constitution has harmoniously blended within itself the three somewhat incongruous features of Monarchy, Aristocracy and Democracy. The British King represent the Monarchy which rests on the hereditary principle. The House of Lords is the Aristocracy representing the lords and nobles of the land.
  • The house of the commons is the Democracy representing the people of the land. it is true that neither the King nor the House of Lords plays an effective role in the political setup of the country , yet their continuance appears hardly reconcilable with Democracy.
  • And yet the Englishmen had never been in a mood to abolish this historic institutions, though attempts has been made to denigrate the position of the monarch and curtail the powers and change the methods of constituting the house of Lords. In case of monarchy perks of sovereign have been curbed.

Passage

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The English constitution is entirely unwritten. There are certain charters, petitions and statutes in which certain principles of the constitution have been embodied in writing. The British constitution have been derived not from a single source but from different sources.

Question 39 (1 of 2 Based on Passage)

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Short Answer▾

“England has no constitution” explain.

Explanation

  • Thomas Paine and Alexis de Tocqueville are of the opinion are of the opinion that England has no constitution. Thomas Paine declared that where a constitution cannot be produced in a visible form, there is none. Similarly de Tocqueville said that in England the constitution may go on changing continually or rather it does not exist.
  • These opinions that have been given by these theorists isn՚t entirely correct because the constitution of England is unwritten as most of the principles and rules controlling the distribution and regulating the exercise of governmental power have never been reduced to writing in a single document.
  • They might have misconceived the meaning of the term constitution and the situation in England, as this is also true that there can՚t be any state without a constitution- a body of fundamental rules and principles determining the structure of the state. Hence, it may be said that England has a constitution but mostly of an unwritten type.

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