Pre-University (CIE) Comparative Government: Specimen Questions with Answers 38 - 39 of 53

Question 38

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Essay▾

‘The British Constitution shows the equation of Monarchy + Aristocracy + Democracy’. Explain.

Explanation

  • The British Constitution has harmoniously blended within itself the three somewhat incongruous features of Monarchy, Aristocracy and Democracy. The British King represent the Monarchy which rests on the hereditary principle. The House of Lords is the Aristocracy representing the lords and nobles of the land.

  • The house of the commons is the Democracy representing the people of the land. it is true that neither the King nor the House of Lords plays an effective role in the political setup of the country, yet their continuance appears hardly reconcilable with Democracy.

  • And yet the Englishmen had never been in a mood to abolish this historic institutions, though attempts has been made to denigrate the position of the monarch and curtail the powers and change the methods of constituting the house of Lords. In case of monarchy perks of sovereign have been curbed.

Passage

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The English constitution is entirely unwritten. There are certain charters, petitions and statutes in which certain principles of the constitution have been embodied in writing. The British constitution have been derived not from a single source but from different sources.

Question 39 (1 of 2 Based on Passage)

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Short Answer▾

Differentiate between Statutes and Common Law of English constitution.

Explanation

  • The important source of the English constitution lies in the statutes (laws) passed by the parliament from time to time. The British parliament is fully empowered to repeal or amend these statutes whenever it likes. Some of the important statutes of the British parliament are; Reforms Act Of 1832, Parliament Act Of 1911, Representation of People’s Act 1918 And 1928, Statute of Westminster Act 1831.

  • Common law – Common Law consists of all those important rules and important principles which are the product of slow process of long historical growth. They are based upon the customs and traditions of English societies and later on recognized by the courts of the country.

  • The prerogatives of the Crown, the right of trial by jury, the right of freedom of speech and assembly, the right of redress for torturous acts of governmental officers, rests almost on common law.

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