Pre-University (CIE) Comparative Government: Specimen Questions with Answers 27 - 27 of 53

Question 27

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Essay▾

Discuss Veto powers of US President.

Explanation

  • All bills passed by the Congress must be referred to the President for his final approval. The President can deal with them in three different ways:

    • He may give his assent to a bill referred to him and the bill will become an Act.

    • He may reserve the bill with him in which case it becomes a law at the expiry of ten days without his signatures provided the Congress is still in session. The bill in such a case is killed if the Congress adjourns before the expiry of ten days. This is known as Pocket Veto.

    • He may reject a bill and may return it to the House with or without amendments. In such a case, the bill may be reparsed by the Congress by its two-thirds majority in each House and then it will be obligatory on the part of the President to give his assent.

  • The Pocket Veto is a potent legislative power in the hands of the President. During the last ten days of the session of the Congress, he possess an absolute veto power. It is interesting to know that towards end of the session, numerous bills and resolutions are passed by the Congress in order to clear up its arrears. A considerable number of last minute bills can thus be killed by the President if he is against them simply by his inaction.

  • The fact is that this power has been frequently used by the various Presidents as they do not owe an explanation for inaction to the Congress. Hence, Pocket Veto is considered absolute as the Congress does not have opportunity to override it. The Pocket Veto has been used over seven hundred times.

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