Pre-University (CIE) Comparative Government: Specimen Questions with Answers 24 - 25 of 53

Question number: 24

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Essay Question▾

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What do you mean by the Coroner’s Court?

Explanation

  • It is the relic of the past. The coroner was designated as ‘Crowner’ in the Shakespearean times. He is appointed by the country or Borough Council. He is equipped with legal or medical qualifications. He orders post-mortem and holds an inquest whether the cause of the death is natural or not.

  • An inquest is conducted by him with the assistance of a jury of seven to eleven persons. If ‘primafacie’ case is established, the accused is sent for the trial. Even cases of suicidal deaths are dealt with by him. He can examine witnesses to come to conclusion. In London, he investigates into the cases of fire and arson.

  • Besides, if treasure is found hidden underground he conducts inquest and if no owner is found, he assumes charge of the treasure on behalf of the Crown. In fact, Coroner’s Court is an innovation. No such court exists in India for instance.

Question number: 25

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Essay Question▾

Describe in Detail

Discuss the party of reforms in UK.

Explanation

  • The liberal party is a party of reform. It has always stood for liberty and has espoused the cause of religious liberty. It has also championed the cause of political liberty, the right of every citizen to an equal share of the suffrage, and the right of the House of Commons, elected popularly, to a sovereign voice.

  • It may be remembered that the parliament act of 1911, curtailing the power of the Lords, was pressed to statute by the liberal government after great and continuous fight with the conservatives inside and outside the parliament for three years. The liberals believed in free trade and laissez-faire.

  • While some liberals still adhere to their belief in free trade, the liberal party has given up its allegiance to the doctrines of “free trade and laissez-faire. ” The liberal party was born of the mentality and interests of John Locke and the liberal Whig elements. At one time it was one of the major parties in England but with the passage of time the strength of the party dwindled and it became a minor party. However in 1977, the labour party could keep itself in power with the support of the liberals.

  • One of the reasons of the decline of liberal party during the past 5 decades may be found in its lack of a forthright and distinctive programs. It has fallen between the two stools of Labour and conservatism. Like the neighbor party, it favors the welfare stage, as do many conservatives, and like the latter it opposes state capitalism.

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