Pre-University (CIE) Comparative Government: Specimen Questions with Answers 20 - 21 of 53

Question 20

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The Crown is eternal, the King is mortal. Explain.

Explanation

  • There is a distinction between the King and the Crown. The whole development of the British constitution has been marked by a steady transfer of power from a king as a person to the crown as an institution of which king is the formal head. The distinction between the King and the Crown is the distinction between the monarch as a person and monarchy as an institution. The King is the physical embodiment of the “Crown”.

  • King is a person, Crown is an institution. This distinction is well illustrated by the maxim, “it merely implies that the person who occupies the throne may be dead but the institution of Kingship survives. The Crown is eternal, the King is mortal. The death of the King makes no difference in the powers and duties of the Crown.

  • The king is mortal but the crown is immortal. The death of the king does not mean the death of the Crown. All the powers of the state reside in the crown. The crown is the assemblage of sovereign past.

Question 21

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“Modern Behavioral science is eminently concerned not only with the acts of man but also with his cognitive, effective and evaluative process”. Explain.

Explanation

  • Behaviouralism is one of the most important development in political science in the twentieth century. It is also considered a new and modern approach to the study of political science. The above statement has been given by Heinz Elau. He discusses four characteristics of Behaviouralism. They are –

    • It concentrates on the theoretical and empirical analysis of the behaviour of persons and social groups rather than on the origin of the state, functions of the govt. and political institutions like the traditionalists.

    • It tries to integrate theory and research in relation to social psychology, sociology and cultural anthropology.

    • It emphasizes the interdependence of the theory and research. Theoretical questions should be studied from the empirical point of view and the empirical research should be applied to theoretical questions.

    • It tries to develop rigorous empirical research methodology and it applies this methodology to the political problem arising out of the behaviour of the individuals.

  • There is a difference between the two terms – Behaviorism (a concept developed in the psychology by J. B. Watson, 1914) and Behaviouralism. Against behaviorism, “modern behavioral science eminently concerned not only with the acts of man but also with his cognitive, affective, and evaluative processes. ”

  • It “refers not simply to directly or indirectly observable political action but also to those perceptual, motivational, and attitudinal components of behavior which make for man’s political identifications, demands and expectation and his systems of political beliefs, values and goals”.

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