Pre-University (CIE) Comparative Government: Specimen Questions with Answers 16 - 17 of 53

Passage

Read the passage and answer the following:

The workability of the English constitution is based upon conventions without which it would become unworkable. These conventions are regarded as sacred as laws of the constitutions.

Question 16 (1 of 3 Based on Passage)

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English constitution provides for how many categories of conventions?

Explanation

The important conventions which have grown up in England may be classified in three categories.

  • Conventions relating to cabinet- The constitutional history of England points out to the decline of powers of the king and the consequent growth of the powers of the cabinet. In fact the whole Cabinet System is the product of conventions.

  • Conventions relating to parliament- the second category contains the conventions relating to the parliament, with special reference to the relation between the two houses.

  • Conventions relating to dominions- the third group consists of the conventions which governs the relation of Britain with other dominions. The statute of Westminster 1931, has embodied in a legal form most of the conventions relating to dominions.

Question 17 (2 of 3 Based on Passage)

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What is Pairing Convention?

Explanation

  • If a member of the majority party is to be absent on any working day of parliament when division of voting is to take place, he informs the whip who finds out from the opposition whether or not any member from his party is to be absent.

  • The latter will ask one of his members to absent himself from the house on the day of division of votes. This called as Pairing Convention.

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