Pre-University (CIE) Comparative Government: Specimen Questions with Answers 11 - 11 of 53

Question 11

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Discuss pressure groups in UK.

Explanation

  • Besides political parties every political system is influenced by several organized groups which are interested in the affairs of the state for specific purposes. These pressure groups constitute the agencies for safeguarding the interests of a group of people. The pressure groups in UK functions in various ways.

    • The exercise influence on the legislation at the drafting and committee stage.

    • They remain in touch with the officials who are instrumental in drafting the legislation and rendering advice to the ministers.

    • They maintain rapports with the members of parliament who supports them at the committee stage.

    • They render assistance to the department in the policy formulation and administration.

    • They mobilize public opinion through the press and public meetings for and against a particular piece of legislation before the parliament.

    • Some of them promote socioeconomic reforms while some others aim at political reforms.

  • Some of the prominent pressure groups in Great Britain are National Farmers Union, The National Union of Mine Workers, The Transport and General Workers Union, The Electrical Trade Unions, The Fabian Society, etc. these groups stand for the protection of the economic interests of their person.

  • Besides these there are non-economic groups as well for example- Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, The Students Christian Movement, Automobile Associations, Association of Metropolitan Authorities, The County Council Associations, etc.

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