IGCSE Sociology Paper-1: Specimen Questions with Answers 3 - 4 of 4

Question 3

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Absolute poverty is rare in modern industrial societies, though it is widespread in many less industrialized societies. The poverty that exists in the richer countries is mainly ‘relative’.

Describe difference between absolute and relative poverty?

Explanation

“Poverty is a state in which resources usually material but sometimes cultural are lacking”. The measurement of poverty is differ for different place and time

  • Absolute poverty is that when people does not have sufficient money to fulfill basic resources like food, clothing, shelter etc. which are primary requirements for survival
  • According to Relative poverty if you have enough money for survival or fulfill basic needs and you live in expansive neighborhood and compare to them you cannot afford luxurious things then you could still said to be relative poverty.

Passage

People learn through interaction with other human beings that how they are expected to behave in society. this is life-long process of learning.

Question 4 (3 of 3 Based on Passage)

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What is the sociological term that describes how people learn their roles in society?

Explanation

People learn their roles “Through the imagination of our appearance to the other person; the imagination of his/her judgment of that appearance, and some sort of self-feeling, such as pride or mortification. “. it also known as Socialisation

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