IGCSE Sociology Paper-1: Specimen Questions with Answers 1 - 2 of 156

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People learn through interaction with other human beings that how they are expected to behave in society . this is life-long process of learning.

Question 1 (1 of 3 Based on Passage)

Write in Brief One Liner▾

What is the sociological term that describes how people learn their roles in society?



People learn their roles “Through the imagination of our appearance to the other person; the imagination of his/her judgment of that appearance, and some sort of self-feeling, such as pride or mortification.” . it also known as Socialisation

Question 2 (2 of 3 Based on Passage)

Write in Brief One Liner▾

Why are interactions with other human beings so important for people in learning how to behave in society?



Because society is made of humans and it՚s through those interactions that you learn your place in society and how to behave.

Therefore, learning takes place through interaction with various agents of socialization, like peer groups and families, plus both formal and informal social institutions.

Ng of Socialization – Explained Above


Definition: Family is the first agent of socialization.

Extended Family: It includes Mothers and fathers, siblings and grandparents, plus members of an extended family, all teach a child what he or she needs to know. For example, they show the child how to use objects how to relate to others and how the world works .

Peer Groups:

Definition: peer group is made up of people who are similar in age and social status and who share interests.

Extended Peer groups: are important to adolescents in a new way, as they begin to develop an identity separate from their parents and exert independence.

The other objects which play important role in learning society՚s values are like

  • School where a children grows , and Schools in different cultures socialize children differently in order to prepare them to function well in those cultures.
  • Workplace because Different jobs require different types of socialization.
  • Mass media refers to the distribution of impersonal information to a wide audience, via television, newspapers, radio, and the internet.
  • Religion is an important avenue of socialization for many people. The United States is full of synagogues, temples, churches, mosques, and similar religious communities where people gather to worship and learn.

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