IGCSE Physical Education Paper-1: Specimen Questions with Answers 219 - 224 of 256

Passage

Tony and Larry are both starting to train for different types of activities. Tony is involved in an endurance activity whilst Larry do activities that require explosive strength.

Question 219 (3 of 8 Based on Passage)

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Both choose to use Plyometric Training, explain why with examples.

Explanation

Main feature of plyometric training is that it enhances performance and also increases muscle strength.

Example: Depth jumps.

Question 220 (4 of 8 Based on Passage)

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What would be the physical signs that they are overtraining?

Explanation

Insomnia, irritability, depression, loss of concentration, etc

Question 221 (5 of 8 Based on Passage)

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Their training develops different types of muscle fibers. Name two types of muscle fiber with their unique features.

Explanation

  • Slow twitch oxidative:- These muscle fibers are used in aerobic activity.
  • Fast twitch glycolytic:- These muscle fibers are used in short term anaerobic activity.

Question 222 (6 of 8 Based on Passage)

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Name an activity that would typically require explosive strength.

Explanation

Weight lifting.

Question 223 (7 of 8 Based on Passage)

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Explain a safety factor to apply to Plyometric training to prevent injury.

Explanation

  • Perform plyometric before other types of training to be finish.
  • Perform cardiovascular and flexibility warm up prior to starting.

Question 224 (8 of 8 Based on Passage)

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Essay▾

Tony and Larry continue to train for a substantial period. Name 2 training effects for heart and 2 for respiratory system.

Explanation

Two long term training effects of exercise on the heart are:

  • Arterial walls become more elastic which allows greater tolerance of changes in blood pressure.
  • The accumulation of lactic acid is much lower during high-levels activity, due to the circulatory system providing more Oxygen and removing waste products faster.

Two long term training effects on the respiratory system are:

  • This results in larger respiratory volumes, which allows more Oxygen to be diffused into the blood flow.
  • An increase in the number and diameter of capillaries surrounding the alveoli leads to an increase in the efficiency of gaseous exchange.

Both students are very enthusiastic about their training but tend to over train.

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