IGCSE Physical Education Paper-1: Specimen Questions with Answers 216 - 220 of 256

Question number: 216

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Many performers choose to train at altitude. Give example and how it benefits.

Explanation

Cycling. Exposure to high altitude could theoretically improve an athlete’s capacity to exercise. Exposing the body to high altitude causes it to acclimatize to the lower level of oxygen available in the atmosphere.

Passage

Tony and Larry are both starting to train for different types of activities. Tony is involved in an endurance activity whilst Larry do activities that require explosive strength.

Question number: 217 (1 of 8 Based on Passage) Show Passage

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When they go to the gym it is important that they warm up, why?

Explanation

1) Warming up increases body temperature. This heating effect allows muscles and tendons become more extensible.

2) The increase in temperature causes a rise in enzyme and metabolic activity. This improves the efficiency of muscle contraction.

Question number: 218 (2 of 8 Based on Passage) Show Passage

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Their training develops different types of muscle fibers. Name two types of muscle fiber with their unique features.

Explanation

1) Slow twitch oxidative: - These muscle fibers are used in aerobic activity.

2) Fast twitch glycolytic: - These muscle fibers are used in short term anaerobic activity.

Question number: 219 (3 of 8 Based on Passage) Show Passage

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What would be the physical signs that they are overtraining?

Explanation

Insomnia, irritability, depression, loss of concentration, etc

Question number: 220 (4 of 8 Based on Passage) Show Passage

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Both Tony and Larry use weight training as part of their training programme. What would be the difference in overload (number of repetitions and the size of the weights) needed for Tony and Larry to improve in their different activities?

Explanation

Tony: - He will require less no. of repetitions and size of weights.

Larry: - He will require more no. of repetitions and size of weights.