IGCSE Enterprise: Specimen Questions with Answers 14 - 15 of 49

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Case Study: 4

Jones and Little (2000) present a critical analysis of the role of partnership in new public management in the UK, in a paper called Rural challenges: partnership and new rural governance. The authors note that: “whatever definition is favored, partnerships or networks between the public, private and voluntary sectors are an important part of what constitutes novel forms of governance” in the UK. The authors question the uncritical promotion of this form of governance, which emerged from the “traumatic neo-liberal restructuring of urban politics in the 1980s” and its transfer to rural areas, where it brings the requirement for rural organizations and In the field of public policy, partnership is often viewed as the second generation of efforts to bring competitive market discipline to bear on government operations (after the first generation efforts of privatization) . The authors argue that contemporary discussions of partnership approaches lead to submergence of key issues about power relations, accountability, public spending levels, and equitable resource allocation in the systematic addressing of the needs of rural communities. They question the culture of partnership and its suitability as a means of securing effective rural regeneration, arguing for greater scrutiny to be paid to its increased political currency and practical applications.

In Government – non-profit partnership: A defining framework, Brinkerhoff (2002a) notes that partnership has emerged as an increasingly popular approach to privatization and government – non-profit relations. However, there is no consensus on what partnership means, and its practice varies. The author provides a useful review of partnership literatures and refines the definition of partnership using the concepts of ‘mutuality’ and ‘organizational identity.’ These concepts are used as the two axes of an inter-organizational relationship matrix, in which partnership is distinguished from three other basic relationship types: contracting, extension, and co-option or gradual absorption.

Question 14 (1 of 12 Based on Passage)

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Partnership helps in the economic development?

Explanation

Role of Partnership in the Business is as Follows

  • In Every business, every partner is required to maintain its financial records and ensure that they get proper license to operate the business legally.
  • All the business partners have equal responsibility of paying taxes to the government regardless of the role of manager.
  • A partnership firm may also attract the investors to invest in the partnership but these investors cannot become the owners of partnership firm.
  • Partners share the responsibility of paying debts in any of the forms-limited liability, unlimited liability, limited by shares.

Question 15 (2 of 12 Based on Passage)

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What do you understand by social enterprise?

Explanation

Social Enterprise and Non-Profit Organization
S. no.Social enterpriseNon-profit organization
1.Can have for profit, non-profit or a hybrid of two modelsIt is strictly for non-profit model
2.It is driven by social and financial goalsIt is driven only by social goals
3.Rely primarily on their earned income making it self-sustainableRely primarily on individual donors or charitable contributions
4.Markets itself using commercial and social advertisingMarkets the social cause to publicize and advertise itself.