IGCSE English (First Language): Specimen Questions with Answers 19 - 21 of 34

Passage

Reading Comprehension (CORE)

There are two questions in this paper. First question has 30 marks and Second question has 20 marks.

Total mark: 20

Section -1

Read the Passage A carefully, and then answer

Africa was once filed with an abundance of wild animals. But that is changing fast. One of these animals, the black rhinoceros, Lives on the plains of Africa. It has very poor eyesight and a very bad temper. Even though the black rhino is powerful, and can be dangerous, its strength can’t always be it to hunter some people think that the rhino’s horn has magical powers and many hunters kill rhinos for the valuable home. This has caused the black rhino to be placed on the endangered species list.

The elephant seems to represent all that is strong and wild in Africa. It once had no natural enemies, but is now endangered-killed for its ivory tusks. The fastest land animal, the cheetah, also lives in Africa. It too, is becoming extinct a people take over more and more of the land that is the cheetah’s natural habitat.

Imagine Africa without the powerful rhino, the gentle, Intelligent elephant, or the lightning quick cheetah, Once they are gone, they’re gone forever. Wherever people are careless about the land, there are endangered species.

Grizzly bears like to wander great distance. Bears need up to 1,500 square miles of territory to call it home. Today, because forests have been cleared to make room for people, the grizzly’s habitat is shrinking and the grizzly is disappearing. It joins other endangered North American animals, such as the red wolf and the American crocodile.

In South America, the destruction of the rain forest threatens many animals. Unusual mammals, such as the howler monkey and the three-toed sloth, are endangered Beautiful birds like the great green macaw and the golden parakeet are also becoming extinct. They are losing their homes in the rain forest, and thousands die when they are caught and shipped off to be sold as exotic pets.

The giant panda of Asia is a fascinating and unique animal. Yet there are only about 1,000 still Living in the wild. The giant panda’s diet consists mainly of the bamboo plant, so when the bamboo forest die, so don the panda China is now making an effort to protect these special creatures from becoming extinct.

Asia’s big cats are also in trouble. The exotic snow leopard lives high in the mountains. Even there, it faces the loss of its natural habitat and hunters who kill it for its fur. The tiger, the largest of all the big cats, is hunted merely for sport.

Sea animals are in danger of extinction as well. The blue whale is the largest animal in the world. It weighs up to 390.000 pounds. Whale hunting and pollution are these species greatest enemies.

Unfortunately, it is people who cause many of the problems that animals face. We alter and pollute their habitat. We hunt them for skin, tusks, furs, and home. We destroy animals that get in the way of farming or building. And we remove them from their natural habitats and take them home as pets.

What can you do to help endangered animals? Learn as much as you can about them. The more you know, the more you can help. Make an effort to support 200 and wildlife groups. Many zoos bred endangered animals, helping to ensure that they will continue to live on. Contribute to groups, such as the National Wildlife Federation, that works hard to protect animals. You can also be a smart shopper and never buy a pet that has been raised in the wilderness.

The world is made up of many living things and each thing is dependent on the others to survive. If we allow even one species on Earth to become extinct, it has an Impact on other living things and changes our world. When we mention any endangered wild animals, let’s hope that we never again have to say “Gone forever”.

Question 19 (4 of 8 Based on Passage)

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Short Answer▾

Why is the cheetah becoming extinct? (Marks 1)

Explanation

  • People take over more and more of the cheetah’s natural habitat for land.

  • So the cheetah is becoming extinct.

Question 20 (5 of 8 Based on Passage)

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Short Answer▾

What does the author mean by the balance of life on Earth? Why is it important? Use details from the article to support your answer. (Marks 7)

Explanation

  • Nature maintains a fair distribution of plants and animals on earth. This is called the balance of life on Earth’. If we destroy one species, the other species will multiply rapidly. This will cause an imbalance in nature.

  • For example, if we destroy rhinos, elephants, deer and rabbits there will be an abundance of plants. If we kill the tiger, the leopard and the lion the deer population will increase. All the plants, leaves and grass will be eaten away by the deer.

  • So nature keeps a check over the abundance of certain species. We call this the balance of life on Earth.

Question 21 (6 of 8 Based on Passage)

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Short Answer▾

Why is the grizzly bear disappearing? (Marks 2)

Explanation

  • The forest where the grizzly bear lives is cleared to make room for people.

  • This leads to the shrinking of the bear’s natural habitat.

  • So the grizzly bear is fast disappearing.