IGCSE Economics Paper-2: Specimen Questions with Answers 46 - 46 of 100


Poverty means of not having enough possessions or material or income to fulfill the basic needs of a person.

Question 46 (5 of 5 Based on Passage)


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Short Answer▾

What are the factors that affect poverty in developing countries?


Factors That Affect Poverty in Developing Countries Are

  • Inadequate access to water and food- Majority of the population has no access to clean water and suffer from hunger. Poverty does not cause hunger or prevent people from access to clean water but because of poverty and hunger people try to escape poverty.
  • Little or no access to livelihoods or jobs- In developing countries and rural parts of the world it is difficult for people to get a job easily. They do not have proper access to proper resources due to change in climate, overpopulation, conflict etc. which puts a pressure on the livelihood of people.
  • Wars or conflict- Violence on large scale or wars leads to people leaving their all assets behind and becomes a major reason why people flee away from their native places. Example- Violence in Syria led people to leave their places and it has put the society to a halt.
  • Inequality/Disparities- Inequality means unequal. In economic or social terms also, inequality means the same thing i.e.. having unequal or no access to resources. There are several types of inequalities in the world like, gender caste, affiliation and among them are economic and social disparities.

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