IGCSE Development Studies: Specimen Questions with Answers 15 - 16 of 98

Question 15

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Give any two functions World Bank.

Explanation

The Bretton Woods conference was held from 1st to 22nd of July 1994. It contained 730 delegates from all 44 Allied nations in Bretton Woods to regulate the international monetary and financial order after the conclusion of World War II. It led to the creations of two major institutions World Bank and IMF.

The functions of World Bank are:

  • Granting reconstruction loans to war devastated countries.
  • Granting developmental loans to underdeveloped countries.
  • Providing loan to governments for agriculture, irrigation, power, transport, water supply, education, health etc.
  • Providing loans to private concerns for specified projects.
  • Promoting foreign investment by guaranteeing loans provided by other organizations

Passage

Forms of Free Trade

Question 16 (1 of 7 Based on Passage)

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State the benefits of free trade to neighboring countries

Explanation

Main aim of a free trade area is to reduce the trading barriers, mainly tariffs and quotas to promote free trade of goods and services among the member nations.

Benefits of Free Trade to Neighboring Countries Are

  • Efficiency: Free trade area encourages competition by offering better quality of goods and services which are not expensive. It helps in increasing the overall efficiency of the country in comparison to its competitor.
  • Specialization of countries: The countries will produce those goods and services at which they are most efficient to meet the competition as they will take less time in production of those goods and services at which it is specialized.
  • No Monopoly: With the free trade monopolies are eliminated from the market as more players can enter the market because trade and tariffs quotas are eliminated.
  • Lowered prices: When the competition at the global level increases the prices go down which allows consumer to enjoy increased purchasing power
  • Increased variety: Consumers will have an increased access to different products that are inexpensive through free trade.
Benefits of Free Trade

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