IGCSE Development Studies: Specimen Questions with Answers 13 - 14 of 98

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Removing Poverty

Question 13 (6 of 7 Based on Passage)

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Describe the ways of improving farming.

Explanation

The Different Measures to Improve Farming Are

  • Vertical Farming: It is a sustainable method to bring about revolution in the agricultural sector as it lowers the use of water to 70% and saves soil and land space. This innovation in the farming is helping farmers to grow crop in such difficult environmental conditions.
  • Hydroponic: It is method of growing plants without soil which is gaining importance in recent times. It allows the plants to grow in the presence of nutrients that are essential for the growth of soil.

  • Varieties selection: New and improved variety of crops that are heat tolerant allows increasing the productivity of crops.

  • Farm management software: Managing farm with proper tracking system. It helps to control farming activities to analyze the usage of inputs and the expenditure to identify the weak points and improve them.

Farming Methods

Question 14 (7 of 7 Based on Passage)

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What do you understand by Farmer’s cooperative?

Explanation

A farmers’ cooperative society is also known as agricultural society where farmers pool their resources for certain activity. It is a voluntary association in which farmers contribute for the benefits of the society.

  • The purpose of such cooperative society is to provide their farmer members with inputs for agricultural production like, fuel, fertilizers, seeds, machinery etc. It is a farm which runs on a communal basis under the cooperation of its members owned by a cooperative society.
  • Example: Farmers get benefits from economies of scale which helps in lowering the cost of inputs and other services like storage and transport.

  • Farmers’ cooperative society helps the farmer in improving the quality of the agricultural produce.