IGCSE Development Studies: Specimen Questions with Answers 11 - 12 of 98

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Removing Poverty

Question 11 (4 of 7 Based on Passage)

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What do you mean by poverty?

Explanation

Poverty is the state where one lacks socially acceptable amount or possessions in material. When the people lack the basic means to satisfy their basic needs is referred to as poverty. Basic needs refer to the needs required for survival or the needs which represents the standard of living prevailing in a country. Some examples of poverty are-

  • Poor health
  • Low level of education
  • Inability to work
  • High rate of disorderly behavior
  • Lack of food, clothing, and shelter

The income of the people is so low that the basic human needs cannot be met. Every country has its own threshold level of poverty which is used in the determination of how many people in a country are affected by poverty. Poverty is of various types like- Absolute poverty, relative poverty, Situational poverty, generational poverty, rural poverty, and urban poverty. Thus, poverty is a multifaceted which includes social, economic, and political elements.

Question 12 (5 of 7 Based on Passage)

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How can agriculture help in improving GDP?

Explanation

Agriculture plays an important role in the development of the economy. Agriculture has contributed to the prosperity of developed countries and it also has a significant role in promoting the economy of the developing countries.

Emphasis on agriculture is made where the per capita income of a country is low. Various economies of the world have learned to not give much emphasis on the industrialization as an increase in the agricultural activities along with industrialization will lead to increase in demand for industrial production.

Agriculture makes its contribution in the following ways:

  • It provides food and raw materials to the non-agricultural sector of the economy
  • Agriculture creates demand for goods in the non-agriculture sector.
  • It provides strength to rural people by increasing their purchasing power
  • It provides surplus amount which can be invested in other non-agricultural areas
  • Earning of foreign exchange through exports of agricultural products.

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