IGCSE Development Studies: Specimen Questions with Answers 11 - 12 of 98

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Removing Poverty

Question 11 (4 of 7 Based on Passage)

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What do you understand by Farmer՚s cooperative?

Explanation

A farmers cooperative society is also known as agricultural society where farmers pool their resources for certain activity. It is a voluntary association in which farmers contribute for the benefits of the society.

  • The purpose of such cooperative society is to provide their farmer members with inputs for agricultural production like, fuel, fertilizers, seeds, machinery etc. It is a farm which runs on a communal basis under the cooperation of its members owned by a cooperative society.
  • Example: Farmers get benefits from economies of scale which helps in lowering the cost of inputs and other services like storage and transport.
  • Farmers cooperative society helps the farmer in improving the quality of the agricultural produce.

Question 12 (5 of 7 Based on Passage)

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How can agriculture help in improving GDP?

Explanation

Agriculture plays an important role in the development of the economy. Agriculture has contributed to the prosperity of developed countries and it also has a significant role in promoting the economy of the developing countries.

Emphasis on agriculture is made where the per capita income of a country is low. Various economies of the world have learned to not give much emphasis on the industrialization as an increase in the agricultural activities along with industrialization will lead to increase in demand for industrial production.

Agriculture makes its contribution in the following ways:

  • It provides food and raw materials to the non-agricultural sector of the economy
  • Agriculture creates demand for goods in the non-agriculture sector.
  • It provides strength to rural people by increasing their purchasing power
  • It provides surplus amount which can be invested in other non-agricultural areas
  • Earning of foreign exchange through exports of agricultural products.

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