IGCSE Development Studies: Specimen Questions with Answers 11 - 12 of 98

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Removing Poverty

Question 11 (4 of 7 Based on Passage)

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Distinguish between low income and high-income countries.

Explanation

Distinguish between Low Income and High-Income Countries
S. no.Low income countriesHigh income countries
1.These economies have very low level of per capita income of $ 765 or less.These economies have a per capita GNI $ 9386 or more.
2.Less than a quarter of all the people reach the age of 70.More than two-thirds of all the population live beyond the age of 70.
3.More than a third of all deaths are among children under the age of 14Leading cause of death CVD, COPD, diabetes, and dementia.
4.Infectious diseases, including lung infections, diarrheal disease, HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria.Nine out of 10 leading causes of death are nono communicable conditions.

Question 12 (5 of 7 Based on Passage)

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Discuss two ways of removing poverty.

Explanation

One of the biggest challenges of the world is poverty eradication. In alleviating poverty private sector plays a major role in increasing growth of the economy, employment generation and purchasing options for reduction in poverty.

The ways to reduce poverty are:

  • Jobs creation: The best way to overcome poverty is to create well-paying jobs. The central government aim should be of increasing investment in strategies for job creation like, industrial development, infrastructural development, renovation of abandoned houses, developing renewable energy resource and other investments that aim at boosting the economic growth and helps in creation of jobs.
  • Raise minimum wages: By raising the minimum wage and indexing it to inflation would lift majority of the population of the world out of poverty.
Agricultural Trade between USA and Mexico