IGCSE Development Studies: Specimen Questions with Answers 97 - 98 of 98

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Sustainable Development Matrix

Question 97 (5 of 6 Based on Passage)

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Give three reasons for deforestation.

Explanation

Deforestation is the large-scale removal of tree which is practiced frequently. Deforestation provides tree as a source of fuel, land, timber. Lack of conservation of tree lead to deforestation which affects animal and lands. More than half of the world’s animal and plant species lives in the forest which destroyed mainly due to agriculture. Deforestation affects animals and atmosphere and leads to landslides and flooding.

Reasons for deforestation are as follows:

  • Agriculture: Agriculture is responsible for around 80% of the deforestation. Rising demand for raising crops and livestock is responsible for deforestation.
  • Logging: Both legal and illegal logging causes deforestation. Logging often leads to expansion of roads.

  • Fuelwood: This activity is mostly undertaken by the residents to fulfill the needs of energy for their survival. This also adds to the exportation of timber at a large scale.

Question 98 (6 of 6 Based on Passage)

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What are the factors that influence sustainable development?

Explanation

In modern world, sustainable development is impacted by three major factors, which are economic development, environmental conservation, and social justice. Let’s look at each of them:

  • Economic development: Economic development aims to keep the capital stable by focusing on improving social equality, economic sustainability and enhancing the living standard.
  • Social development: Social development keeps social capital preserved and build services that includes in making up the society. It further aims for retention of globalization, communities, andcultures.

  • Environment development: Environmental development helps in improving human welfare by offering protection to natural capital (such as air, water, land, minerals etc. )