IGCSE Development Studies: Specimen Questions with Answers 9 - 10 of 98

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Passage

Removing Poverty

Question 9 (2 of 7 Based on Passage)

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Distinguish between low income and high-income countries.

Explanation

Distinguish between Low Income and High-Income Countries
S. no.Low income countriesHigh income countries
1.These economies have very low level of per capita income of $ 765 or less.These economies have a per capita GNI $ 9386 or more.
2.Less than a quarter of all the people reach the age of 70.More than two-thirds of all the population live beyond the age of 70.
3.More than a third of all deaths are among children under the age of 14Leading cause of death CVD, COPD, diabetes, and dementia.
4.Infectious diseases, including lung infections, diarrheal disease, HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria.Nine out of 10 leading causes of death are nono communicable conditions.

Question 10 (3 of 7 Based on Passage)

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What are the common characteristics of developing countries?

Explanation

Most of the world population lives in the developing world. Three-fourth of the world population is by developing countries. The level of technological development is relatively low in these countries which affect both agricultural efficiency and industrial development despite the availability of local resources. On the international stage the developing countries faces challenges, and are dominated by and often harmed by the decisions of developed countries over which they have no control.

  • Low standards of living, characteristics by low incomes, inequality, poor health, and inadequate education.
  • Developing countries have low levels of productivity.
  • High rates of population growth and dependency burdens
  • High and rising levels of unemployment and underemployment
  • Substantial dependence on agricultural production and primary production and primary product export.
  • Prevalence of imperfect markets and limited information
  • Dominance, dependence, and vulnerability in international relations.

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