IGCSE Development Studies: Specimen Questions with Answers 9 - 10 of 98

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Removing Poverty

Question 9 (2 of 7 Based on Passage)

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What are the common characteristics of developing countries?

Explanation

Most of the world population lives in the developing world. Three-fourth of the world population is by developing countries. The level of technological development is relatively low in these countries which affect both agricultural efficiency and industrial development despite the availability of local resources. On the international stage the developing countries faces challenges, and are dominated by and often harmed by the decisions of developed countries over which they have no control.

  • Low standards of living, characteristics by low incomes, inequality, poor health, and inadequate education.
  • Developing countries have low levels of productivity.
  • High rates of population growth and dependency burdens
  • High and rising levels of unemployment and underemployment
  • Substantial dependence on agricultural production and primary production and primary product export.
  • Prevalence of imperfect markets and limited information
  • Dominance, dependence, and vulnerability in international relations.

Question 10 (3 of 7 Based on Passage)

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How can agriculture help in improving GDP?

Explanation

Agriculture plays an important role in the development of the economy. Agriculture has contributed to the prosperity of developed countries and it also has a significant role in promoting the economy of the developing countries.

Emphasis on agriculture is made where the per capita income of a country is low. Various economies of the world have learned to not give much emphasis on the industrialization as an increase in the agricultural activities along with industrialization will lead to increase in demand for industrial production.

Agriculture makes its contribution in the following ways:

  • It provides food and raw materials to the non-agricultural sector of the economy
  • Agriculture creates demand for goods in the non-agriculture sector.
  • It provides strength to rural people by increasing their purchasing power
  • It provides surplus amount which can be invested in other non-agricultural areas
  • Earning of foreign exchange through exports of agricultural products.