IGCSE Development Studies: Specimen Questions with Answers 9 - 10 of 98

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Removing Poverty

Question 9 (2 of 7 Based on Passage)

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What do you understand by Farmer՚s cooperative?

Explanation

A farmers cooperative society is also known as agricultural society where farmers pool their resources for certain activity. It is a voluntary association in which farmers contribute for the benefits of the society.

  • The purpose of such cooperative society is to provide their farmer members with inputs for agricultural production like, fuel, fertilizers, seeds, machinery etc. It is a farm which runs on a communal basis under the cooperation of its members owned by a cooperative society.
  • Example: Farmers get benefits from economies of scale which helps in lowering the cost of inputs and other services like storage and transport.
  • Farmers cooperative society helps the farmer in improving the quality of the agricultural produce.

Question 10 (3 of 7 Based on Passage)

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What are the common characteristics of developing countries?

Explanation

Most of the world population lives in the developing world. Three-fourth of the world population is by developing countries. The level of technological development is relatively low in these countries which affect both agricultural efficiency and industrial development despite the availability of local resources. On the international stage the developing countries faces challenges, and are dominated by and often harmed by the decisions of developed countries over which they have no control.

  • Low standards of living, characteristics by low incomes, inequality, poor health, and inadequate education.
  • Developing countries have low levels of productivity.
  • High rates of population growth and dependency burdens
  • High and rising levels of unemployment and underemployment
  • Substantial dependence on agricultural production and primary production and primary product export.
  • Prevalence of imperfect markets and limited information
  • Dominance, dependence, and vulnerability in international relations.

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