IGCSE Development Studies: Specimen Questions with Answers 9 - 10 of 98


Removing Poverty

Question 9 (2 of 7 Based on Passage)


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Short Answer▾

Distinguish between low income and high-income countries.


Distinguish between Low Income and High-Income Countries
S. no

Low income countries

High income countries


These economies have very low level of per capita income of $ 765 or less.

These economies have a per capita GNI $ 9,386 or more.


Less than a quarter of all the people reach the age of 70.

More than two-thirds of all the population live beyond the age of 70.


More than a third of all deaths are among children under the age of 14

Leading cause of death CVD, COPD, diabetes, and dementia.


Infectious diseases, including lung infections, diarrheal disease, HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria.

Nine out of 10 leading causes of death are non0 communicable conditions.

Question 10 (3 of 7 Based on Passage)


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Short Answer▾

How can agriculture help in improving GDP?


Agriculture plays an important role in the development of the economy. Agriculture has contributed to the prosperity of developed countries and it also has a significant role in promoting the economy of the developing countries.

Emphasis on agriculture is made where the per capita income of a country is low. Various economies of the world have learned to not give much emphasis on the industrialization as an increase in the agricultural activities along with industrialization will lead to increase in demand for industrial production.

Agriculture makes its contribution in the following ways:

  • It provides food and raw materials to the non-agricultural sector of the economy
  • Agriculture creates demand for goods in the non-agriculture sector.

  • It provides strength to rural people by increasing their purchasing power

  • It provides surplus amount which can be invested in other non-agricultural areas

  • Earning of foreign exchange through exports of agricultural products.