IGCSE Development Studies: Specimen Questions with Answers 95 - 96 of 98

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Sustainable Development Matrix

Question 95 (3 of 6 Based on Passage)

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Give an example of sustainable development

Explanation

Example of Sustainable development is, using of renewable resources or recycled material for purpose of construction is an example of sustainable development as it won՚t destroy the resources and will help in preserving them for the future generation. Another example of Sustainable development is, without destroying the ecosystem or harming the environment, building of a new community in an underdeveloped area.

Thus, sustainable development is defined as an approach to use the resources in an efficient way that allows the resources to renew or to continue in existence for the present as well as the future generation.

Question 96 (4 of 6 Based on Passage)

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What are the factors that influence sustainable development?

Explanation

In modern world, sustainable development is impacted by three major factors, which are economic development, environmental conservation, and social justice. let՚s look at each of them:

  • Economic development: Economic development aims to keep the capital stable by focusing on improving social equality, economic sustainability and enhancing the living standard.
  • Social development: Social development keeps social capital preserved and build services that includes in making up the society. It further aims for retention of globalization, communities, andcultures.
  • Environment development: Environmental development helps in improving human welfare by offering protection to natural capital (such as air, water, land, minerals etc.)

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