IGCSE Development Studies: Specimen Questions with Answers 93 - 94 of 98

Passage

Sustainable Development Matrix

Question 93 (1 of 6 Based on Passage)

Edit

Write in Short

Short Answer▾

Give an example of sustainable development

Explanation

Example of Sustainable development is, using of renewable resources or recycled material for purpose of construction is an example of sustainable development as it won’t destroy the resources and will help in preserving them for the future generation. Another example of Sustainable development is, without destroying the ecosystem or harming the environment, building of a new community in an underdeveloped area.

Thus, sustainable development is defined as an approach to use the resources in an efficient way that allows the resources to renew or to continue in existence for the present as well as the future generation.

Question 94 (2 of 6 Based on Passage)

Edit

Write in Short

Short Answer▾

State the rules for making forest sustainable

Explanation

We cannot survive on this planet without forests. Forest absorbs carbon dioxide from our atmosphere and produce the oxygen for us. Forest helps to regulate the global climate by storing carbon dioxide and absorbs 40% of the emissions of fossil fuel produced by humans. Sustainable forestry balances the environment and the wildlife and the communities of the forest. Various steps can be taken by the business and the society for the sustainable development of the forest and nature.

  • By establishing protected areas and conserving biodiversity. Through protected areas the forest mangers minimize the erosion, avoid the use of pesticides and chemicals, protect waterways, maintains genetic diversity, proper disposal of waste etc.
  • Prevent the forest conversion for commercial purpose and protect high conservation value forest that contain significant biodiversity.

  • Forest activities must be put clearly into plan that how many trees can be harvested per acre and the frequency with such activity can take place again keeping in mind the growth and regeneration of species.