IGCSE Development Studies: Specimen Questions with Answers 93 - 94 of 98

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Sustainable Development Matrix

Question 93 (1 of 6 Based on Passage)

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Give three reasons for deforestation.

Explanation

Deforestation is the large-scale removal of tree which is practiced frequently. Deforestation provides tree as a source of fuel, land, timber. Lack of conservation of tree lead to deforestation which affects animal and lands. More than half of the world՚s animal and plant species lives in the forest which destroyed mainly due to agriculture. Deforestation affects animals and atmosphere and leads to landslides and flooding.

Reasons for deforestation are as follows:

  • Agriculture: Agriculture is responsible for around 80 % of the deforestation. Rising demand for raising crops and livestock is responsible for deforestation.
  • Logging: Both legal and illegal logging causes deforestation. Logging often leads to expansion of roads.
  • Fuelwood: This activity is mostly undertaken by the residents to fulfill the needs of energy for their survival. This also adds to the exportation of timber at a large scale.

Question 94 (2 of 6 Based on Passage)

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What is meant by sustainable development?

Explanation

Sustainable development refers to the utilization of resources in such a manner to meet the needs of present without compromising the needs for the future generation.

Sustainable Development aims at meeting the human development goals and sustaining the natural resources of the ecosystem simultaneously, on which the society and the economy depend. Today sustainable development is important as it fulfills the needs of the present generation without depriving a future generation of the natural resources, fulfills the needs of people, conserves natural resources and saves the national budget.

It is important for the:

  • Economy jobs prosperity and wealth creation
  • Society: social inclusion committees
  • Environment: natural environment, renewable resources

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