IGCSE Development Studies: Specimen Questions with Answers 88 - 89 of 98

Passage

Employment Structure

Question 88 (4 of 7 Based on Passage)

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“Maximum GDP is coming from tertiary sector but the share of employment is in the primary sector. ” Discuss.

Explanation

“Maximum GDP is coming from tertiary sector but the share of employment is in the primary sector” because of the following reasons-

  • Less creation of jobs: This situation is because not enough jobs are created in the secondary and tertiary sectors.
  • Production is more in comparison to jobs: Industrial production of goods might increase but the number of jobs created in the industries is less in comparison to it.

  • Low employment level in the tertiary sector: In the tertiary sector production may rise but employment is less. As a result, more than half of the population on the primary sector, which contributes a lesser amount in the GDP.

Question 89 (5 of 7 Based on Passage)

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Name the types of primary employment.

Explanation

Primary sector includes those activities that are undertaken by directly using natural resources e. g. , the cultivation of wheat. As all the subsequent products are formed by using the products of the primary sector as base it is known as primary sector. The primary sector is also referred to as agriculture and related sector.

Primary Sector Includes Occupation Like

  • Extraction of raw materials
  • Farming

  • Fishing

  • Mining

  • Energy extraction