IGCSE Development Studies: Specimen Questions with Answers 86 - 87 of 98

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Employment Structure

Question 86 (2 of 7 Based on Passage)

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What is an employment structure?

Explanation

Employment structure refers to how the work is divided among three main sectors of employment:

  • Primary sector
  • Secondary sector
  • Tertiary sector

In the early stages of development countries have a high percentage of population engaged in the agriculture sector. Then as the country develops further it shifts its employment structure from primary to secondary i.e.. from agricultural to Industrial and in the final stage of development of a country a country undergoes the growth in tertiary sector i.e.. the service sector. Employment structure of countries is usually displayed through pie charts. They are the diagrams that show the percentage of each sector in a society and the percentage of each sector changes as a country՚s development level increases.

Question 87 (3 of 7 Based on Passage)

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“Maximum GDP is coming from tertiary sector but the share of employment is in the primary sector.” Discuss.

Explanation

“Maximum GDP is coming from tertiary sector but the share of employment is in the primary sector” because of the following reasons-

  • Less creation of jobs: This situation is because not enough jobs are created in the secondary and tertiary sectors.
  • Production is more in comparison to jobs: Industrial production of goods might increase but the number of jobs created in the industries is less in comparison to it.
  • Low employment level in the tertiary sector: In the tertiary sector production may rise but employment is less. As a result, more than half of the population on the primary sector, which contributes a lesser amount in the GDP.

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