IGCSE Development Studies: Specimen Questions with Answers 85 - 86 of 98

Passage

Employment Structure

Question 85 (1 of 7 Based on Passage)

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Name the types of primary employment.

Explanation

Primary sector includes those activities that are undertaken by directly using natural resources e. g. , the cultivation of wheat. As all the subsequent products are formed by using the products of the primary sector as base it is known as primary sector. The primary sector is also referred to as agriculture and related sector.

Primary Sector Includes Occupation Like

  • Extraction of raw materials
  • Farming
  • Fishing
  • Mining
  • Energy extraction

Question 86 (2 of 7 Based on Passage)

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How does employment structure changes overtime?

Explanation

Stages of Development Countries

Primary Decreases

  • For farm workers mechanization reduces and rural workers migrate to the urban area.
  • Raw materials exhaust which leads to loss in mining jobs
  • Rural population decreases due to migration and people prefer better paid and less physical activity jobs.

Secondary Increases First then Decrease

  • Initially industrialization requires large number of workforces
  • Automation replaces factory jobs
  • Movement of manufacturing industries from MEDCs to NICs where availability of land and labor is cheaper.

Tertiary Increase

  • In urban areas the service sector is large and growing.
  • With the development of a country demand for service increases like education, tourism, heath.
  • Growth of jobs in the MEDCs in the knowledge economy which based on information and knowledge processing.
  • Increase is producer services.

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