IGCSE Development Studies: Specimen Questions with Answers 79 - 81 of 98

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Millennium Development Goals

Question 79 (3 of 7 Based on Passage)

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What is Millennium Development Goals?

Explanation

The Millennium Development goals originated from the Millennium Declaration adopted by the General assembly of the United Nations in September 2000. Representative from 189 countries met at the Millennium Summit in New York to adopt MDG.

The nations committed themselves to a new global partnership to promote development through a series of time bound goals with a deadline of 2015. In total 8 goals were formed, which have become the Millennium Development Goals. MDGs focus on the national and international priority setting as goal and targets are limited in number, stable over time and being communicated easily to broad audience.

Question 80 (4 of 7 Based on Passage)

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Did MDG work?

Explanation

The Millennium Development Goals showed uneven progress. While in some countries MDGs showed progress in the health sector in others it did not. This is a proof of its failure that the goals were not experienced equally across the globe.

Question 81 (5 of 7 Based on Passage)

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Explain the importance of girl՚s education.

Explanation

Importance of Girl՚s Education Are

  • Increase in political process: Educated women are more likely to participate in political discussion, meetings, and decision making, which in turn promotes more representative, effective government.
  • Decrease infant mortality rate: Children of educated women are less likely to die before their first birthday. Primary education itself helps to reduce the rate of infant mortality, and secondary education helps even more.
  • Decrease population explosion: Educated women tend to have fewer and healthier babies.
  • Future educated generations: If present generation women are educated then their future generation will also be educated.
  • Girls education increases productivity and earnings.

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