IGCSE Development Studies: Specimen Questions with Answers 76 - 77 of 98

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Human Rights

Question 76 (7 of 7 Based on Passage)

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Explain the concept of human rights.

Explanation

Human rights refer to the rights that every person possess in the world and provides basic rights and freedom to them. Human rights are applicable to all the person until their death regardless of where are a person is or what he believes or choose to live his/her life. These rights can never be taken away from a person but can be restricted sometimes in case of infringement upon the law. For example: Human rights do not apply to person breaking law or any interests of national security.

Human rights protect a person in various ways in their day to day life:

  • Right to express opinions
  • Right to education

  • Right to private life and family

  • Right to not to be mistreated or wrongly punished by the law.

Passage

Millennium Development Goals

Question 77 (1 of 7 Based on Passage)

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Explain the importance of girl’s education.

Explanation

Importance of Girl’s Education Are

  • Increase in political process: Educated women are more likely to participate in political discussion, meetings, and decision making, which in turn promotes more representative, effective government.
  • Decrease infant mortality rate: Children of educated women are less likely to die before their first birthday. Primary education itself helps to reduce the rate of infant mortality, and secondary education helps even more.

  • Decrease population explosion: Educated women tend to have fewer and healthier babies.

  • Future educated generations: If present generation women are educated then their future generation will also be educated.

  • Girls education increases productivity and earnings.