IGCSE Development Studies: Specimen Questions with Answers 75 - 76 of 98

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Human Rights

Question 75 (6 of 7 Based on Passage)

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What are the roles of different institutions of government?

Explanation

Institutions are a part of the society and they govern the behavior and expectations of the individuals. Through formal and informal institutions of the government effective governance is kept informed about various economic and social activities. Effective governance is implemented through these institutions in favor of the public and the economy. Effective governance in these institutions act as a key facilitator of economic growth.

Role of Government

The role of government institutions in the development of the economy are:

  • Government institutions help to predict and maintain the prosperity of a country by the ‘creation of wealth.’
  • They play an important role in the political stability to create and maintain stable and hostile environment for smooth functioning of the economy.
  • They promote entrepreneurship and initiate to introduce innovation and risk taking for the betterment of the society.

Question 76 (7 of 7 Based on Passage)

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How can a nation combat corruption?

Explanation

Corruption has become a global problem and it is great challenge for WTO to combat corruption and make the nations corruption free. Corruption in a nation can lead to erosion of trust of public in government. It increases the inequalities in a country which leads to conflict among people. Corruption has the greatest impact on poor by increasing the costs and decreasing the access to various services like health care, justice, education etc.

Ways to combat corruption are:

  • Efforts must be made to stop corruption at the gate by putting various institutional systems and incentives to curb corruption in the first place.
  • Prevention must be practiced by a strong mechanism to send a message to the misconduct of the wrong doers and by also including administrative and civil penalties to combat corruption.
  • Evolution of norms and standards to strengthen the public institution.

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