IGCSE Development Studies: Specimen Questions with Answers 76 - 77 of 98

Passage

Human Rights

Question 76 (7 of 7 Based on Passage)

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Give two characteristics of democracy.

Explanation

The characteristics of democracy are as follows:

  • Individual Liberty: Government works to secure an equal opportunity for people to develop their own abilities.
  • Majority rule with minority rights: Government is based on majority rule through the people՚s elected representative, but respects the rights of minorities.
  • Free Elections: Government is based on free and open elections in which every citizen has the right to vote, every vote has equal weight, and candidates for office can freely express their views.
  • Competing Political Parties: Political parties choose candidates for office, respect the voters decision in elections and act as loyal opposition

Passage

Millennium Development Goals

Question 77 (1 of 7 Based on Passage)

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What is the difference between MDG and SDG?

Explanation

What is the Difference between MDG and SDG?
S. No.MDGsSDGs
1.It is mainly for the developing countriesIt is universal i.e.. for all the countries
2.8 soiled goals for development17 goals, 169 targets, integrating 3 dimensions of SD
3.It is from UN secretariatNegotiated by member states with stronger country ownership
4.Means of Implementation (MOI) , monitoring and follow-up not defined in advanceMOI inter-governmentally negotiated, global architecture and monitoring system being shaped.

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