IGCSE Development Studies: Specimen Questions with Answers 72 - 73 of 98

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Human Rights

Question 72 (3 of 7 Based on Passage)

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Explain the concept of human rights.

Explanation

Human rights refer to the rights that every person possess in the world and provides basic rights and freedom to them. Human rights are applicable to all the person until their death regardless of where are a person is or what he believes or choose to live his/her life. These rights can never be taken away from a person but can be restricted sometimes in case of infringement upon the law. For example: Human rights do not apply to person breaking law or any interests of national security.

Human rights protect a person in various ways in their day to day life:

  • Right to express opinions
  • Right to education
  • Right to private life and family
  • Right to not to be mistreated or wrongly punished by the law.

Question 73 (4 of 7 Based on Passage)

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Give two characteristics of democracy.

Explanation

The characteristics of democracy are as follows:

  • Individual Liberty: Government works to secure an equal opportunity for people to develop their own abilities.
  • Majority rule with minority rights: Government is based on majority rule through the people՚s elected representative, but respects the rights of minorities.
  • Free Elections: Government is based on free and open elections in which every citizen has the right to vote, every vote has equal weight, and candidates for office can freely express their views.
  • Competing Political Parties: Political parties choose candidates for office, respect the voters decision in elections and act as loyal opposition

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