IGCSE Development Studies: Specimen Questions with Answers 74 - 75 of 98

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Human Rights

Question 74 (5 of 7 Based on Passage)

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How can a nation combat corruption?

Explanation

Corruption has become a global problem and it is great challenge for WTO to combat corruption and make the nations corruption free. Corruption in a nation can lead to erosion of trust of public in government. It increases the inequalities in a country which leads to conflict among people. Corruption has the greatest impact on poor by increasing the costs and decreasing the access to various services like health care, justice, education etc.

Ways to combat corruption are:

  • Efforts must be made to stop corruption at the gate by putting various institutional systems and incentives to curb corruption in the first place.
  • Prevention must be practiced by a strong mechanism to send a message to the misconduct of the wrong doers and by also including administrative and civil penalties to combat corruption.
  • Evolution of norms and standards to strengthen the public institution.

Question 75 (6 of 7 Based on Passage)

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What is democracy?

Explanation

The colonialism begins to end after the World War II, various colonies became independent after the Second World War. Democratization began with the French revolution in the year 1789. Early democracies were North America, Latin America, and Europe. Democracy means that it is the government for the people, of the people and by the people. It is the form of government where public can choose the rulers on their own. Under democracy only the elected leaders are supposed to rule the nation and people have the right to freedom to express their views, organize or protest. In democratic nations the power and civic responsibility rests upon the adult citizens or the leaders elected.

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