IGCSE Development Studies: Specimen Questions with Answers 76 - 77 of 98

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Human Rights

Question 76 (7 of 7 Based on Passage)

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What is democracy?

Explanation

The colonialism begins to end after the World War II, various colonies became independent after the Second World War. Democratization began with the French revolution in the year 1789. Early democracies were North America, Latin America, and Europe. Democracy means that it is the government for the people, of the people and by the people. It is the form of government where public can choose the rulers on their own. Under democracy only the elected leaders are supposed to rule the nation and people have the right to freedom to express their views, organize or protest. In democratic nations the power and civic responsibility rests upon the adult citizens or the leaders elected.

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Millennium Development Goals

Question 77 (1 of 7 Based on Passage)

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How does education helps developing countries?

Explanation

Education plays an important role in the reduction of poverty as lack of education causes poverty and slow growth of the economy especially in the developing economies. Every boy or girl in a country should have all the rights to get education so that they have better opportunities in the future in terms of employment and health. Education is a form of investment in a country as it reaps huge benefits to a country. It guarantees income for life time.

Role of Education in the Development of an Economy Are

  • It boosts the GDP and growth of the economy.
  • Education reduces infant mortality rate and increases human life expectancy.
  • Promotes peace and decreases the drop outs rate from schools and colleges.
  • It helps in making right decisions at the right time.