IGCSE Development Studies: Specimen Questions with Answers 72 - 73 of 98

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Human Rights

Question 72 (3 of 7 Based on Passage)

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What is democracy?

Explanation

The colonialism begins to end after the World War II, various colonies became independent after the Second World War. Democratization began with the French revolution in the year 1789. Early democracies were North America, Latin America, and Europe. Democracy means that it is the government for the people, of the people and by the people. It is the form of government where public can choose the rulers on their own. Under democracy only the elected leaders are supposed to rule the nation and people have the right to freedom to express their views, organize or protest. In democratic nations the power and civic responsibility rests upon the adult citizens or the leaders elected.

Question 73 (4 of 7 Based on Passage)

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Explain the concept of human rights.

Explanation

Human rights refer to the rights that every person possess in the world and provides basic rights and freedom to them. Human rights are applicable to all the person until their death regardless of where are a person is or what he believes or choose to live his/her life. These rights can never be taken away from a person but can be restricted sometimes in case of infringement upon the law. For example: Human rights do not apply to person breaking law or any interests of national security.

Human rights protect a person in various ways in their day to day life:

  • Right to express opinions
  • Right to education
  • Right to private life and family
  • Right to not to be mistreated or wrongly punished by the law.

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