IGCSE Development Studies: Specimen Questions with Answers 73 - 74 of 98

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Human Rights

Question 73 (4 of 7 Based on Passage)

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Explain the concept of human rights.

Explanation

Human rights refer to the rights that every person possess in the world and provides basic rights and freedom to them. Human rights are applicable to all the person until their death regardless of where are a person is or what he believes or choose to live his/her life. These rights can never be taken away from a person but can be restricted sometimes in case of infringement upon the law. For example: Human rights do not apply to person breaking law or any interests of national security.

Human rights protect a person in various ways in their day to day life:

  • Right to express opinions
  • Right to education
  • Right to private life and family
  • Right to not to be mistreated or wrongly punished by the law.

Question 74 (5 of 7 Based on Passage)

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How international co-operation helps in solving global issues?

Explanation

International cooperation is defined as all countries working together to tackle the global issues and accomplish the mission and vision of the countries. Poverty, war, diseases, environmental concerns and so forth are some of the major missions and issues of the international cooperation. It requires a great amount of support and effort from all the countries as all of them are confronting with the similar issues. Global cooperation offers employment opportunities to the developing countries by cooperating with the developed countries. It helps the countries in fighting together with various illness and diseases, and it also improves the lifestyle of the people by creating a system of fair trade.

Some of the global issues are:

  • Ageing- No. of persons of age 60or above is increasing substantially in the recent time period in most of the countries.
  • AIDS- AIDS related deaths have seen a peak in the recent years.
  • Atomic energy for electricity generation
  • Children in most of the nations are deprived of right to health, education, and protection.
  • Climate crisis and clean energy.