IGCSE Development Studies: Specimen Questions with Answers 62 - 64 of 98

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Understand by HDI

Question 62 (5 of 7 Based on Passage)

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Name any four countries with high HDI from the figure.

Explanation

Human Development Index is the index of development of human that could be achieved with no inequality. HDI dos not considers net wealth per capita or the quality of goods produced in a country as it decreases the rank of some advanced countries. Four countries with high HDI according to the given figure are:

  • Norway
  • Switzerland
  • Ireland
  • Germany

Question 63 (6 of 7 Based on Passage)

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Which country has the highest HDI in the year 2019?

Explanation

The idea of human development index has divided the countries in four tiers

The Idea of Human Development Index Has Divided the Countries in Four Tiers
Human Development LevelScore in Development IndexNumber of countries
Very HighAbove 0.80849
HighBetween 0.700 up to 0.80753
MediumBetween 0.556 up to 0.699942
LowBelow 0.55543

Question 64 (7 of 7 Based on Passage)

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State the importance of HDI.

Explanation

The HDI examines three important criteria of economic development- Life expectancy, education level and income level. The importance of Human Development Index is-

  • The HDI gives an overall index of economic development
  • It does give a rough ability to make comparisons on issues of economic welfare- much more than just using GDP statistics show.
  • It gives idea regarding areas of development which requires improvement.
  • Statistics gives better decision-making areas having wide disparity.
  • More focus on social & human development rather than only capital accumulation and growth.

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