IGCSE Development Studies: Specimen Questions with Answers 58 - 59 of 98

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Understand by HDI

Question 58 (1 of 7 Based on Passage)

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What is the rank of India in 2019?

Explanation

India reached to the rank of 129 out of 189 countries in the year 2019 Human Development Index as per the data released by UNDP. In India still inequality and deprivation continue to be at a higher level. India՚s HDI improved to 0.647 as compared to 0.640 in 2018. Development initiatives in India like Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana for the purpose of financial inclusion and Ayushman Bharat for Universal health care are important in meeting all the objectives and to ensure no one is left behind.

Question 59 (2 of 7 Based on Passage)

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What are the three indicators of HDI?

Explanation

The UNDP issues the annual Human Development report based on the three basic criteria which is used to rank the countries. The three indicators of HDI are:

  • Life expectancy at birth, as an index of population health and longevity.
  • Knowledge and education, as measured by the adult literacy rate (with two-thirds weighting) and the combined primary, secondary and tertiary gross enrolment ratio with one-third weighting.
  • Standard of living as measured by the gross domestic product (GDP) per capita at purchasing power parity (PPP) in United States Dollar.

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