IGCSE Development Studies: Specimen Questions with Answers 5 - 6 of 98

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Indicators Poverty in a Country

Question 5 (5 of 7 Based on Passage)

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What do you mean by Human Rights?

Explanation

Human rights refer to the rights that every person possesses in the world and provides basic rights and freedom to them. Human rights are applicable to all the person until their death regardless of where are a person is or what he believes or choose to live his/her life. These rights can never be taken away from a person but can be restricted sometimes in case of infringement upon the law. For example: Human rights do not apply to person breaking law or any interests of national security.

Human Rights Protect a Person in Various Ways in Their Day to Day Life

  • Right to express opinions
  • Right to education
  • Right to private life and family
  • Right to not to be mistreated or wrongly punished by the law.

Question 6 (6 of 7 Based on Passage)

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Give three disadvantages of GDP as poverty indicator.

Explanation

Disadvantages of Using GDP as an Indicator of Economic Development Are

  • GDP can hide inequalities as it does not show the distribution of wealth
  • GDP can be manipulated by the governments of the country who show themselves as poor to collect more aid for various projects.
  • GDP does not include informal economies or subsistence level which is not an important factor in less developed countries.
  • GDP fails to indicate whether a country՚s progress is sustainable or not.
  • It does not consider environment quality, health and education levels of a country, advancement of technology, activities that are not conducted in the market, increase in the inequality gap etc.

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