IGCSE Development Studies: Specimen Questions with Answers 58 - 60 of 98

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Understand by HDI

Question 58 (1 of 7 Based on Passage)

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State the importance of HDI.

Explanation

The HDI examines three important criteria of economic development- Life expectancy, education level and income level. The importance of Human Development Index is-

  • The HDI gives an overall index of economic development
  • It does give a rough ability to make comparisons on issues of economic welfare- much more than just using GDP statistics show.
  • It gives idea regarding areas of development which requires improvement.
  • Statistics gives better decision-making areas having wide disparity.
  • More focus on social & human development rather than only capital accumulation and growth.

Question 59 (2 of 7 Based on Passage)

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What are the four tiers of HDI?

Explanation

According to the UNDP, “Human development is defined as a process of enlarging people choice.” It is claimed as standard means of measuring human development. The fundamental use of HDI is to measure the development of a country.

Question 60 (3 of 7 Based on Passage)

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Name any four countries with high HDI from the figure.

Explanation

Human Development Index is the index of development of human that could be achieved with no inequality. HDI dos not considers net wealth per capita or the quality of goods produced in a country as it decreases the rank of some advanced countries. Four countries with high HDI according to the given figure are:

  • Norway
  • Switzerland
  • Ireland
  • Germany