IGCSE Development Studies: Specimen Questions with Answers 39 - 40 of 98

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Research Methodology

Question 39 (4 of 7 Based on Passage)

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What are the data collection methods?

Explanation

Data is the basic input required for any decision-making process. Data collection refers to the systematic procedure of collecting detailed information about a stated objective of research from the given sample under controlled settings. It is used as a technique to gather useful information to establish a factual basis for decision making.

There Are Two Methods of Data Collection

  • Primary data collection method- Primary data are the original observations collected by the researcher or his agents for the first time. It is the first-hand data collected by the researcher directly from the main source.
  • Secondary data collection method- Secondary data is the data gathered and recorded by someone else prior to and for a purpose other than the present project. Secondary data has been collected previously for some other purpose. It involves less time, cost, and effort.

Question 40 (5 of 7 Based on Passage)

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State the purpose why investigation is carried out?

Explanation

The Purpose of Research Involves

  • Collecting and collating information
  • Extension of knowledge of human beings, social life, and environment (What-Where-Why)
  • Bringing light to information that might never be discovered fully during the ordinary course of life.
  • Establishment of generalizations and general laws a contribution to theory building in various fields of knowledge.
  • Verification and testing of existing facts and theory.
  • Analyzing and reporting the findings
  • Research helps identify
  • Factors that affect the choice of the consumers such as cost, color.
  • Consumer preferences within certain target groups.

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