IGCSE Development Studies: Specimen Questions with Answers 3 - 4 of 98

Passage

Indicators Poverty in a Country

Question 3 (3 of 7 Based on Passage)

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How poverty is measured?

Explanation

Poverty is pronounced deprivation in well-being and compromises many dimensions. It includes low incomes and inability to acquire the basic goods and services necessary for survival with dignity. Poverty also encompasses low levels of health and education, poor access to clean water and sanitization, inadequate physical security, lack of voice, and insufficient capacity and opportunity to better one’s life.

Two different types of poverty are:

  • Absolute poverty: It is a condition where household income is insufficient to afford necessities of life. (Food, shelter, clothing) .
  • Relative poverty: When households receive 50% less income than average median incomes.

Question 4 (4 of 7 Based on Passage)

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What do you mean by Human Rights?

Explanation

Human rights refer to the rights that every person possesses in the world and provides basic rights and freedom to them. Human rights are applicable to all the person until their death regardless of where are a person is or what he believes or choose to live his/her life. These rights can never be taken away from a person but can be restricted sometimes in case of infringement upon the law. For example: Human rights do not apply to person breaking law or any interests of national security.

Human Rights Protect a Person in Various Ways in Their Day to Day Life

  • Right to express opinions
  • Right to education

  • Right to private life and family

  • Right to not to be mistreated or wrongly punished by the law.