IGCSE Development Studies: Specimen Questions with Answers 3 - 4 of 98

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Indicators Poverty in a Country

Question 3 (3 of 7 Based on Passage)

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What are the indicators of poverty in a country?

Explanation

Poverty refers to the condition in which the people of a country lack monetary resources and basic standard of living. It depicts that the income level is so low that the basic human requirements can be met. People who are struck by poverty do not have proper housing facility, clean water, proper and healthy food, medical care. Every nation has its own threshold level of poverty which determines how many people in a country are living in poverty.

Poverty indicators are as follows:

  • Illiteracy Level
  • Lack of general resistance due to malnutrition
  • Lack of access to proper medical care
  • Lack of various opportunities
  • Lack of access to safe drinking water
  • Lack of sanitization facilities

Question 4 (4 of 7 Based on Passage)

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State the advantages of poverty indicators.

Explanation

Advantages of Poverty Indicators Are

  • Flexible: The poverty indicators are flexible they can be adopted to various purposes such as individual, household, groups communities or states.
  • Choice: With binary, qualitative and categorical data the measure can be constructed. For each indicator the weight and poverty cut off can be varied.
  • Identification: The identification of the poor՚s can be done easily and is transparent, as the number of dimensions rises its measurement will be focused on the poorest of all.
  • Effectiveness: The indicators of poverty are effective and can be applied to monitor and reduce the level of poverty over time.

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