IGCSE Development Studies: Specimen Questions with Answers 31 - 32 of 98

Passage

High Death Rate

Question 31 (3 of 7 Based on Passage)

Edit

Write in Short

Short Answer▾

State the difference between birth rate and death rate.

Explanation

State the Difference between Birth Rate and Death Rate
S. No.Birth rateDeath rate
1.The number of live babies born in a year for every 1000 people in the total population.The number of people who die in a year for every 1000 people in the total population.
2.Improvements in medical care for pregnant women have resulted in more birthsImprovements in medical care has resulted in more longer lives
3.Family planning program put in place to control birth rates.Death rate is affected by poverty and level of development
4.If birth rate is higher than the death rate the total population will increaseIf death rate is higher than the birth rate the total population will decrease.
5.In developing countries birth rate is usually highIt is usually low in developing countries

Question 32 (4 of 7 Based on Passage)

Edit

Write in Short

Short Answer▾

How birth rate and death rate are related to population?

Explanation

The natural increase of population rate is mainly depending on the birth rate and death rate. Birth rate refers to the number of live babies born in a year for every 1000 people in the total population. Births occur to young-adult age people. If in a country there are more young-adult in comparison to the old adult, then there will be more births in a country leading to increase in population of the country.

On the other hand, if in a country older-adults are in large number then the country will have high mortality rates. Thus, we can say that, many people who are having one or two children can still produce many births in a country. This is referred to as population momentum. The momentum of population can be lowered in a less developed country when the large number of young-adults pass the age of fertility.

Developed by: