IGCSE Development Studies: Specimen Questions with Answers 29 - 30 of 98

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High Death Rate

Question 29 (1 of 7 Based on Passage)

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Explain the following:

How is total fertility calculated?

Explanation

Total fertility represents the sum of number of children born or are likely to be born to a woman in her lifetime under the following conditions:

  • If she is falls under the age specific fertility rate through her lifetime
  • If she survives childbirth till the end of her productive life.

It is expressed as number of children per woman. Fertility rate focusses on number of births per 1000 woman and birth rate looks at the entire population. Thus, it is the sum of age specific fertility rate of women over their reproductive span i.e.. all ages of childbearing period from 15 - 49 years of age as observed each year. Total fertility is computed by using the following formula:

Question 30 (2 of 7 Based on Passage)

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Explain the following:

General fertility rate

Explanation

The rate refers to the proportion of the number of children born per thousand of females, the reproductive child bearing age. Normally 15 to 49-year age are taken for the calculation of fertility rate. The GFR shows how much women in child bearing age added to the existing population through birth.

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