IGCSE Development Studies: Specimen Questions with Answers 29 - 30 of 98

Passage

High Death Rate

Question 29 (1 of 7 Based on Passage)

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Explain the following:

How is total fertility calculated?

Explanation

Total fertility represents the sum of number of children born or are likely to be born to a woman in her lifetime under the following conditions:

  • If she is falls under the age specific fertility rate through her lifetime
  • If she survives childbirth till the end of her productive life.

It is expressed as number of children per woman. Fertility rate focusses on number of births per 1000 woman and birth rate looks at the entire population. Thus, it is the sum of age specific fertility rate of women over their reproductive span i.e.. all ages of childbearing period from 15 - 49 years of age as observed each year. Total fertility is computed by using the following formula:

Question 30 (2 of 7 Based on Passage)

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State the difference between birth rate and death rate.

Explanation

State the Difference between Birth Rate and Death Rate
S. No.Birth rateDeath rate
1.The number of live babies born in a year for every 1000 people in the total population.The number of people who die in a year for every 1000 people in the total population.
2.Improvements in medical care for pregnant women have resulted in more birthsImprovements in medical care has resulted in more longer lives
3.Family planning program put in place to control birth rates.Death rate is affected by poverty and level of development
4.If birth rate is higher than the death rate the total population will increaseIf death rate is higher than the birth rate the total population will decrease.
5.In developing countries birth rate is usually highIt is usually low in developing countries