IGCSE Development Studies: Specimen Questions with Answers 22 - 22 of 98

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Forms of Free Trade

Question 22 (7 of 7 Based on Passage)


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State the benefits of free trade to neighboring countries


Main aim of a free trade area is to reduce the trading barriers, mainly tariffs and quotas to promote free trade of goods and services among the member nations.

Benefits of Free Trade to Neighboring Countries Are

  • Efficiency: Free trade area encourages competition by offering better quality of goods and services which are not expensive. It helps in increasing the overall efficiency of the country in comparison to its competitor.
  • Specialization of countries: The countries will produce those goods and services at which they are most efficient to meet the competition as they will take less time in production of those goods and services at which it is specialized.
  • No Monopoly: With the free trade monopolies are eliminated from the market as more players can enter the market because trade and tariffs quotas are eliminated.
  • Lowered prices: When the competition at the global level increases the prices go down which allows consumer to enjoy increased purchasing power
  • Increased variety: Consumers will have an increased access to different products that are inexpensive through free trade.
Benefits of Free Trade

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