IGCSE Development Studies: Specimen Questions with Answers 1 - 2 of 98

Passage

Indicators Poverty in a Country

Question 1 (1 of 7 Based on Passage)

Edit

Write in Short

Short Answer▾

What do you mean by Human Rights?

Explanation

Human rights refer to the rights that every person possesses in the world and provides basic rights and freedom to them. Human rights are applicable to all the person until their death regardless of where are a person is or what he believes or choose to live his/her life. These rights can never be taken away from a person but can be restricted sometimes in case of infringement upon the law. For example: Human rights do not apply to person breaking law or any interests of national security.

Human Rights Protect a Person in Various Ways in Their Day to Day Life

  • Right to express opinions
  • Right to education
  • Right to private life and family
  • Right to not to be mistreated or wrongly punished by the law.

Question 2 (2 of 7 Based on Passage)

Edit

Write in Short

Short Answer▾

Name any two countries with highest level of poverty and state the reason for poverty prevailing in those countries.

Explanation

“Poverty is defined as not having enough material possession or income to cover a person՚s basic personal needs, sometimes so extreme where a person lacks food, clothing, and shelter.” It is the ratio of the total number of people in each age group whose income is below the poverty line. Poverty is a cyclical trap i.e.. for people to rise above the poverty level they need to get education, proper health care facilities, and access to clean drinking water, and job opportunities to improve their financial condition.

Two countries with highest level of poverty are:

  • South Africa (26.6 %)
  • Costa Rica (20.9 %)

Reason for highest level of poverty in the world is that they have the highest inequality gap in the world where the top one percent income earners take away the 20 % of all the income. Poverty is also marked by the existence of high level of unemployment and lack of high paying jobs.