IGCSE Chemistry Paper-1: Specimen Questions with Answers 84 - 84 of 99

Question 84



Why carbon is found in so many chemical compounds?


Choice (4)


Carbon is versatile because it can form single, double, and triple bonds. It can also form chains, branched chains, and rings when connected to other carbon atoms.


Because of its tetra covalent nature.


Both a. and b. are correct


None of the above




Catenation occurs most readily in carbon, which forms covalent bonds with other carbon atoms to form longer chains and structures. This is the reason for the presence of the vast number of organic compounds in nature.

A carbon atom has a total of six electrons occupying the first two shells, i. e. , the K-shell has two electrons and the L-shell has four electrons. This distribution indicates that in the outermost shell there are one completely filled ‘s’ orbital and two half-filled ‘p’ orbitals, showing carbon to be a divalent atom. But in actuality, carbon displays tetravalency in the combined state. Therefore, a carbon atom has four valence electrons. It could gain four electrons to form C4- anion or lose four electrons to form C4+ cation. Both these conditions would take carbon far away from achieving stability by the octect rule. To overcome this problem carbon undergoes bonding by sharing its valence electrons. This allows it to be covalently bonded to one, two, three or four carbon atoms or atoms of other elements or groups of atoms.

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