IGCSE Biology Paper-3: Specimen Questions with Answers 318 - 318 of 358


Fig. is a drawing of a piece of plant tissue.

Type of Tissue

Question 318 (3 of 4 Based on Passage)

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Short Answer▾

What name is given to this type of tissue?

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  • Xylem: The term xylem was first used by Nageli (1858) . Xylem is a conducting tissue which conducts water and mineral nutrients & is composed following:
  • Tracheid՚s: Term given by Sanio (1863) . They are elongated tubelike cells with tapering or rounded or oval ends and with hard and lignified walls. The cells are without protoplast and are dead on maturity. Tracheid՚s possess bordered pits. Maximum bordered pits are formed in gymnospermous tracheid՚s They also possess various kinds of thickenings, e. g. annular, spiral, scalariform, reticulate or pitted tracheid՚s.
  • Tracheae or Vessels: Vessels are rows of elongated tube-like cells, placed end to end with their end walls dissolved. Vessels usually do not occur in Pteridophyta and Gymnospermous xylems but in Pteridium, Selaginella (both Pteridophytes) and in Ephedra, Gnetum (Gymnosperms) vessels are present. In Angiosperms vessels are always present (Except Lotus, Wintera, Trochodendron)
  • Wood fibers: The long, slender, pointed, dead and sclerenchymatous cells. They possess mostly thickened walls and few small pits. They said the mechanical strength.
  • Wood (Xylem) parenchyma: The parenchyma cells which very frequently occur in xylem are termed wood parenchyma.