IGCSE Biology Paper-3: Specimen Questions with Answers 274 - 275 of 358

Passage

The boxes on the left contain the names of parts of the body that produce hormones.

The boxes in the center contain the names of hormones.

The boxes on the right contain functions of these hormones.

Rate of Breathing

Question 274 (3 of 4 Based on Passage)

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What is the largest endocrine gland in the human body?

Explanation

Pancreas is largest endocrine gland and it՚s found in our belly. The pancreas makes several hormones, including insulin, which helps glucose, the sugar that՚s in our blood, enter the cells of your body. Insulin is an anabolic hormone that promotes glucose uptake, glycogenesis, lipogenesis, and protein synthesis of skeletal muscle and fat tissue through the tyrosine kinase receptor pathway. Our cells need to be fueled with glucose to function, like a car՚s engine needs gas. Our body does an amazing job of making sure that hormones are released in just the right amounts at just the right time. If there՚s a problem with the endocrine system, a person՚s body might not grow like it should or it might not work the way it՚s supposed to Diabetes is one common problem with the endocrine system. It occurs when a person՚s pancreas doesn՚t make enough insulin.

Structure of Pancreas

Question 275 (4 of 4 Based on Passage)

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Draw one straight line to link each hormone to the part of the body where it is produced.

Draw one straight line to link each hormone to its function.

Explanation

Rate of Breathing

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