IGCSE Accounting Paper-2: Specimen Questions with Answers 174 - 176 of 189

Question 174

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Write in Brief

One Liner▾

Give an example of a transaction that will be recorded in the general journal. (Marks 1)

Explanation

Machinery (Fixed Assets) purchased on credit.

  • An item that does not belong to any of the subsidiary books: (Purchases Day book, Sales Day book, Cash book, Purchases Returns Day Book, Sales Return Day book, Receivables book, and Payables book) is recorded under General Journal.
  • Purchase of Fixed Assets on credit belongs neither of the former subsidiary books.

Question 175

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Write in Brief

One Liner▾

Abhay sold goods on credit to Vikram for $ 1000, offering a discount of 3 % for payment within 15 days. Vikram paid within 15 days. Calculate the amount paid by Vikram.

(Marks 2)

Explanation

Passage

The following balances were extracted from Alexa՚s books on 31 December 2019.

Alexa՚S Books on 31 December 2019
$
Opening Stock3500
Sales75000
Purchases50000
Debtors7000
Creditors10000
Administration Expenses8000
Cash at bank4000
Drawings6000
Machinery50000
Provision for depreciation on Machinery15000
Capital?

Question 176 (1 of 3 Based on Passage)

Write in Short

Short Answer▾

Prepare Alexa՚s Trial Balance as at 31 December 2019 showing her Capital A/c balance. (Marks 12)

31 December 2019 Showing Her Capital a/C Balance
Ledger AccountDebit

$

Credit

$

Explanation

31 December 2019 Showing Her Capital a/C Balance
Ledger AccountDebit

$

Credit

$

Opening Stock3500
Sales75000
Purchases50000
Debtors7000
Creditors9500
Administration Expenses8000
Cash at bank4000
Drawings6000
Machinery50000
Provision for depreciation on Machinery10000
Capital34000
Total128500128500

All expenses and assets have a debit balance whereas all the incomes and liabilities have a credit balance.

  • Machinery, Opening Stock, Debtors, Cash at bank are assets.
  • Purchases, Administration Expenses are expenses.
  • Provision for Depreciation is a Contra Asset A/c as it reduces assets. So, it has a credit balance.
  • Capital and Creditors are liabilities.
  • Sales is an Income.
  • Drawings are Contra Capital A/c as it reduces capital. So, it has a debit balance.

The balance of capital is calculated as follows-

(I) The closing stock was valued at $ 2500

(II) The depreciation for the current year is charged@20 % on reduced balance.

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