IGCSE Accounting Paper-2: Specimen Questions with Answers 163 - 165 of 189


Ankita is a manufacturer. Her financial year ends on 31st March. She sells her output at 30 % mark up.

She provided the following information for the year ended 31st March 2019.

She Provided the Following Information for the Year Ended 31st March 2019
Prime Cost25000
Factory Overheads4200
Cost of production20800

Question 163 (1 of 5 Based on Passage)


Write in Short

Short Answer▾

Suggest two ways in which Ankita could get the additional funds required to purchase the machine. (Marks 2)


(I) By admitting a new partner

(II) Loan from bank


  • The source of finance will depend on its suitability for Ankita. The admission of a new partner will bring additional capital in the business which can be utilized for purchasing the machine without increasing any liability of the business.
  • However, this can also dilute the ownership and control of Ankita on her business. Contrarily, loan from bank is an external liability but can be suitable if Ankita does not want to lose control over her business.

Ankita estimated that machine if purchased would affect the following as-

(i) Prime Cost would directly proportional to the output which increases by 30 %

(ii) Factory overheads would increase by $ 1000

(iii) Markup would have to be reduced to 20 %

Question 164 (2 of 5 Based on Passage)


Write in Brief

One Liner▾

What is meant by ‘Prime Cost’ ? (Marks 1)


Prime Cost is the sum total of all the direct expenses incurred to manufacture a product.

Question 165 (3 of 5 Based on Passage)


Write in Brief

One Liner▾

Calculate the gross profit for the year ended 31st March 2019. (Marks 1)


Ankita is planning to purchase a new machine costing $ 10,000. Also, she can invest additional capital of $ 4000.

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