# IGCSE Accounting Paper-2: Specimen Questions with Answers 1 - 4 of 103

## Passage

M, N & O are partners sharing profit & loss in the ratio of 7: 5: 4. On April 1st 2014 they decide to change this sharing ratio to 3: 2: 1

## Question number: 1 (1 of 5 Based on Passage) Show Passage

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Essay Question▾

### Describe in Detail

What does Gaining ratio refer to?

### Explanation

The ratio in which one or more partner gains the share of profit of another partner is called as gaining ratio. This is obtained by the formula

It increases the share of the existing partner.

## Question number: 2 (2 of 5 Based on Passage) Show Passage

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Essay Question▾

### Describe in Detail

State two reasons for bringing about a change in the profit sharing ratio

### Explanation

Two reasons for changing the profit sharing ratio are

(i) Admission of a new partner

(ii) Retirement of an old partner

## Question number: 3 (3 of 5 Based on Passage) Show Passage

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Essay Question▾

### Describe in Detail

Explain the term sacrificing ratio.

### Explanation

The ratio in which one or more partner surrenders their share of profit to another partner is called as sacrificing ratio. This is obtained by the formula

It reduces the share of the existing partner.

## Question number: 4 (4 of 5 Based on Passage) Show Passage

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Essay Question▾

### Describe in Detail

Fill up the following journal entry

 Date Particulars L. F Debit Amt Credit Amt 01.04. 2014 M’s capital A/C Dr …………. . N’s capital A/C Dr …………. To O’s Capital A/C 36000 (Being Goodwill adjusted due to change in profit sharing ratio)

### Explanation

 Date Particulars L. F Debit Amt £ Credit Amt £ 01.04. 2014 M’s capital A/C Dr 27000 N’s capital A/C Dr 9000 To O’s Capital A/C 36000 (Being Goodwill adjusted due to change in profit sharing ratio)

Old ratio of M, N & O = 7: 5: 4

New ratio of M, N & O = 3: 2: 1

Sacrificing or Gaining ratio = Old ratio – New ratio

M = (Gaining ratio)

N = (Gaining ratio)

O = (Sacrificing ratio)

Therefore M & N Gain in the ratio of 3: 1

M =

N=