IGCSE Accounting Paper-1: Specimen Questions with Answers 143 - 144 of 338

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Passage

Peacock Limited is planning to buy a machinery costing $ 4500 for use in its business. It estimates the machinery will have a useful life of four years and will have a scrap value of $ 750 after that time. The company decides it will depreciate the machinery on the reducing balance method at the rate of 20 % per annum.

Question 143 (4 of 4 Based on Passage)

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Short Answer▾

Name any two methods adopted in calculating the depreciation of the firm.

Explanation

Straight line and reducing balance method

Under straight line method, depreciation is charged evenly every year throughout the effective life of an asset. This method is also known as fixed installment method or original coast method. Under reducing balance method, depreciation is charged at fixed rate on reducing balance of assets.

Question 144

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Short Answer▾

Correct the following errors found in the Daniel account and put tick mark in which side suspense account will appear in rectification of these errors:

Posting of Suspense Account in the Rectification of Errors
ErrorsParticularsDebitCredit
i.Commission $ 120 paid has been posted twice to commission account.
ii.The Day Book is totaled $ 100 short
iii.Payment of trade expenses $ 275 entered on the payment side of the cash book is omitted to be posted.

Explanation

Finding a Posting of Suspense Account in the Rectification of Errors
ErrorsParticularsDebitCredit
i.Commission $ 120 paid has been posted twice to commission account.
ii.The Day Book is totaled $ 100 short
iii.Payment of trade expenses $ 275 entered on the payment side of the cash book is omitted to be posted.

The suspense account is placed when any unaccounted difference is showed in trial balance. The balance in suspense account is the net effect of all the errors which affect the trial balance. The “suspense account” helps in tallying the balance sheet.

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