A-AS Level (CIE) Psychology: Specimen Questions with Answers 258 - 259 of 299

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Question 258


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Short Answer▾

Describe psychosocial treatment of physical disorders (Marks 10)


Psychosocial treatment of Physical disorders are as follows:

  • A variety of psychosocial treatments have been developed with the goal of either treating or preventing physical disorders. Among these are biofeedback and relaxation response
  • Comprehensive stress- and pain-reduction programs include not only relaxation and related techniques but also new methods to encourage effective coping, including stress management, realistic appraisals and improved attitudes through cognitive therapy
  • Comprehensive programs are generally more effective than individual components delivered singly
  • Other interventions aim to modify such behaviors as unsafe sexual practices, smoking and unhealthy dietary habits
  • Such efforts have been made in a variety of areas including injury control, AIDS prevention, smoking cessation campaigns and programs to reduce risk factors for diseases such as CHD

Question 259


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One Liner▾

Define Meissner and Pacinian corpuscle (Marks 2)


  • Meissner corpuscle- A specialized structure in the skin regarded as a sense organ for touch
  • Pacinian corpuscle- A small capsule serving as a receptor for deep pressure

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