A-AS Level (CIE) Psychology: Specimen Questions with Answers 249 - 251 of 299

Question number: 249


One Liner Question▾

Write in Brief

Define Somnambulism (Marks 2)


Somnambulism- Repeated sleep walking that occurs during non-rapid eye movement sleep and so it is not acting out of a dream. The person is difficult to waken and does not recall the experience

Stuttering- Disturbance in the fluency and time patterning of speech (for example, sound and syllable repetitions or prolongations)

Question number: 250


One Liner Question▾

Write in Brief

List out the characteristics of Breathing-related sleeping disorder (Marks 4)


Characteristics of Breathing-related disorder are as follows:

  • Disturbed sleep

  • Daytime fatigue resulting from hypoventilation (labored breathing)

  • Sleep apnea (Suspended breathing)

Question number: 251


Short Answer Question▾

Write in Short

List out the basic principles of Cognitive therapy by Aaron Beck (Marks 6)


Basic principles of Cognitive therapy are as follows

  • Arbitrary inferences- Refers to making conclusions without supporting and relevant evidence

  • Selective abstraction- Consists of forming conclusions based on an isolated detail of an event. In this process other information is ignored and the significance of the total context is missed

  • Overgeneralization- Process of holding extreme beliefs on the basis of a single incident and applying them inappropriately to dissimilar events or settings

  • Magnification and minimization- Consists of perceiving a case or situation in a greater or lesser light than it truly deserves

  • Personalization-Tendency for individuals to relate external events to themselves, even when there is no basis for making this connection

  • Labeling and mislabeling- Involve portraying one’s identity on the basis of imperfections and mistakes made in the past and allowing them to define one’s true identity

  • Dichotomous thinking-Involves categorizing experiences in either-or-extremes. With such polarized thinking, events are labeled in black or white terms

Basic principles of Cognitive therapy

Basic Principles of Cognitive Therapy