A-AS Level (CIE) Psychology: Specimen Questions with Answers 246 - 248 of 299

Question number: 246

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Who coined the term “Private logic” and explain it (4 Marks)

Explanation

In therapy, clients explore what Adlerians call private logic, the concepts about self, others and life that constitute the philosophy on which an individual’s life-style is based. Private logic involves our convictions and beliefs that get in the way of social interest and that do not facilitate useful, constructive belonging-any appropriate response

Adlerians call private logic

Adlerians Call Private Logic

Question number: 247

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Define prefrontal lobectomy (Marks 4)

Explanation

Removal of brain tissue from the prefrontal cortex for the treatment of certain physiological disorders; often done nowadays; a form of psychosurgery

Prefrontal lobectomy

Prefrontal Lobectomy

Question number: 248

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Sigmund Freud noted that each body region assumed greater importance as the center of conflict at a different age. From these observations what theory did he developed?

(Marks 2)

Explanation

He derived the theory called “Psychosexual stages of development”, each stage is defined by an erogenous zone of the body. In each developmental stage, a conflict exists that must be resolved before the infant or child can progress to the next stage. These stages are Oral, anal, phallic, latency and genital

These stages are Oral, anal, phallic, latency and genital

These Stages Are Oral, Anal, Phallic, Latency and Genital